2. THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN STRESS, AGGRESSION IN TRAFFIC AND PERSONALITY TRAITS
MIHAELA CHRAIF, VLAD BURTĂVERDE, ANA MARIA TRANDAFIRESCU, CORNELIA ELENA TUDOSE
University of Bucharest, Department of Psychology
The research investigates the relationship between stress, aggression in traffic and personality traits. Method: The study participants were a number of 58drivers19 female and 39 male, aged between 22 and 48 years. Personality traits were analyzed using the HEXACO questionnaire, which was created by Lee and Ashton in 2004. The questionnaire is self-evaluative and includes 60 items. Aggressiveness was analyzed with the AVIS questionnaire (Aggressive driving behavior), which was created in 2003 by Herzberg. The perceived stress was analyzed using the Perceived Stress Scale self-evaluative questionnaire (10 items), which was created by Cohen, Kamarck and Mermelstein (1983). The questionnaire is self-evaluative and includes 35 items Research results have shown on the one hand that there is a significant negative correlation between honesty, agreeableness, conscientiousness and aggression and on the other hand, a significant positive correlation between emotionality and stress, and also between aggression and stress. Also, we observed higher scores on the affectivity factor among women participating in the research.
Keywords: personality, driving aggression, stress
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