GENDER DIFFERENCES IN YOUNG STUDENTS OF THE FACULTY OF PSYCHOLOGY REGARDING SHORT TERM MEMORY
Radu Alexandra, Mihaela Chraif
University of Bucharest
This research is based on finding the differences that occur in the short-term memory of students of The Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences. The only independent variable that was intended to be considered for this study was that of the gender of the subject, to try to highlight any differences that may arise taking into account this criterion.
The study involved 50 subjects in total, as mentioned above, all the students in the same institution of higher education framework. They were randomly selected, but then to be divided into two sample groups, each of 25 individuals each. The average age of participants is quite low because most students who wanted to take part in this study are in the first year of study, so its value is 20.54 (the youngest participant having 18 years and the oldest 34).
Participants were tested for the recognition of geometric and abstract figures, using a so called Non-verbal Learning Test (NVLT), which is part of the Vienna Test System test battery.
The tests showed that there were no significant differences between the two samples of the study, in other words we could say that the development of short-term memory capacity is similar for both boys and girls.
This research, as I said was created as a support to the broader knowledge of short-term memory, which is an important process in the continuity of people’s normal life.
This research is based on finding the differences in short term memory which can appear between the students of Psychology and Educational Studies, Bucharest. The only independent variable wanted to be taken into account for this study the one regarding the gender of the subjects participating in the research. We wanted to emphasize the differences which can appear if we take into consideration this one criteria. For this research we had a total of 50 participants which were, as we already mentioned, students of the same educational faculty. These students were chosen randomly and were afterwards devised into two groups of 25 people each. The average age of the participants is kind of low mainly because most of the students who wanted to take part in this experiment were from the first year and so, the value of the average age is 20,54 (the youngest participant was 18 years old and the oldest was 34). The participants were asked to perform a test on the computer, a test which assessed their ability to recognize both geometric and abstract figures. The test is called the Non-Verbal Learning Test (NVLT) and is part of the test battery Vienna Test System. The results of the study showed that there are no significant differences between the two study groups, therefore we could say that the level of development in terms of short-term memory is similar to both girls and boys from psychology aged between 18 and 34 years old.
As we mentioned earlier, this research plays the role of a better understanding of the process of short-term memory, a process most important whet we speak about the continuity of the human life.
Keywords:short-term memory, young drivers, abstract factor, correct answers, incorrect answers.
FULL TEXT: download PDF...