GENDER DIFERENCES IN ABSTRACT FIGURE SHORT TERM MEMORY AND DEDUCTIVE REASONING-A PILOT STUDY
MIHAELA CHRAIFa , GABRIEL MANEAb
a,b University of Bucharest,
Department of Psychology
This pilot study is focused on highlighting possible gender differences in abstract figures retrieval process and deductive reasoning at young undergraduate students at psychology. Method: The participants were a number of 53 undergraduate students at Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Bucharest, age between 19 and 24 years old (M=20.56; S.D.=1.56), 25 male and 28 female, rural and urban areas, from Romania. Instruments were the 2D visualization and NVLT psychological tests (Vienna Tests System, 2012). Results: According to the results there is no statistically significant difference between correct responses (p> 0.05) and incorrect responses (p> 0.05) in the tests that measures abstract figures retrieval according to gender. Also, there is a statistically significant difference between correct and incorrect responses to the test that measures visual perception by gender (p> 0.05). Conclusions: These findings are supported by previous research in visual-spatial perception and research on nonverbal learning and memory skills.
Keywords: experimental design, abstract figures retrieval process, short term memory, deductive reasoning.
Cuvinte cheie: design experimental,recunoaştere figurilor concrete, memorie pe termen scurt, raţionament deductiv.
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